Shanghai illustrates the new China while Xi’an stands for China’s long history. As the ancient capital of 13 dynasties, Xi’an has plenty of sights and interesting places which will unfold its history to travelers. If you are planning a once-in-a-lifetime travel to China, put Xi’an on your list, and if you are about to visit Xi’an, don’t miss the following 9 things.
1. Admire the Marvelous Terracotta Army
- Ticket: 120 RMB
- Opening hours: 8:30-18:00 from March 16 to November 15 and 8:30-17:30 for the rest of the year. (Don’t go on weekends and holidays or you’ll find it overwhelmingly crowded.)
- How to get there: take bus nos. Tourist 5 (306), 914, or 915 to the Bingmayong museum (兵马俑博物馆) station
- Recommended tour: One-Day Xi’an Historical Tour
The Terracotta Army, officially Emperor Qin’s Mausoleum Site Museum, it is definitely top on the list of Xi’an travel. The thousands of terracotta warriors and horses were placed in three burial pits for Emperor Qin, the first emperor of China.
Pit #1 is the largest with an airplane-hangar-sized vault. The chariots and infantry warriors here were distributed to form the main force of the army. Pit #2 is smaller but with the greatest variety of warriors including archers, cavalry and charioteers, in a complex combat formation. Pit #3 is a command center with high-ranking officers.
2. Take an Adventurous Trip to Mount Hua
- Ticket: 160 RMB from March to November; 100 RMB for the rest of the year. The entrance ticket is available for 2 days. Cable cars cost extra.
- Opening hours: 7:00-19:00
- How to get there from Xi’an: take the high-speed train from Xi’an North Railway Station to Huashan North (华山北) Railway Station, and then get to the mountain by tourist bus.
- Recommended tour: One-Day Private Trip to Mount Huashan
About 120 km (75 miles) from Xi’an, Mount Hua is well-known for its sheer cliffs and plunging ravines, considered to be the most dangerous mountain in China for trekking.
There are five major peaks in the mountain, respectively South Peak (the tallest, with a height of 2154.9 meters), East Peak (Sunrise Peak), West Peak (Lotus Flower Peak), North Peak (Cloud Terrace Peak), and Middle Peak (Jade Maiden Peak).
3. Ride a Bike on the Ancient City Wall
- Ticket: 54 RMB, rented bicycles cost extra.
- Opening hours: 8:00-22:00 (South Gate), 8:00-17:30 (Hanguang Gate), 8:00-18:00 (the rest gates)
- Best time to visit: sunrise and sunset
- How to get there: There are 8 gates to walk up the city wall and all can be reached by public transportation.
- Recommended tour: One-Day Xi’an Highlights Tour
The City Wall in Xi’an was originally built in 1370 and after being restored, it is now the most well-preserved ancient city wall in China. This 13.7-kilometer long and 12-meter high wall surrounds the center of the city in a giant rectangle and provides vantage points to see the entire downtown city from a height.
The walls are very wide- 12 to 14 meters wide on the top, so renting a bike and riding on the City Wall could be safe, as well as a highlight and cool experience. You may find it pretty bumpy when riding on the old original stones but it’s lots of fun.
4. Explore Local Street Food at Muslim Quarter
Street Food at Muslim Quarter
- Ticket: free
- Opening hours: 24/7, but usually active during 11:00-22:00
- How to get there: get to Bell Tower station by metro line 2 or Bell Tower West station by bus nos. 618, 15 or 205.
- Nearby attraction: Great Mosque of Xi’an, built in 1392, only 5 minutes’ walking from Muslim Quarter.
- Recommended tour: Create your Xi’an foodie tour with us and our experienced local guide will find you authentic Xi’an food.
Muslim Quarter, consisting of several streets, is a gathering place for the Hui people in Xi’an and famous for food culture. Various food stalls are lining the streets and you can find all the local food/snacks here. The must-tries includes Cold Noodles (Liangpi), Biangbiang Noodles, Bread and Mutton Soup (Paomo), and Chinese Hamburger (Roujiamo).
5. Learn Chinese Anceint Culture at Shaanxi History Museum
- Ticket: free
- Opening hours: 8:30-18:00 from 15 March to 14 November; 9:00-17:30 for the rest of the year. The museum is closed on Mondays and Chinese New Year’s Eve. (Crowded on weekends and holidays.)
- How to get there: take metro line 2 to Xiaozhai (小寨) station or bus nos. 5, 24, or 27 to the museum.
- Recommended tour: 2-Day Xi’an Highlights Trip
Shaanxi History Museum is an excellent place to learn about early Chinese history. There are over 370,000 pieces of historical artefacts in the museum, mainly from 1100 BC to 907AD. Among them, the most precious collections include the bronzes, gold and silver ware, tomb murals and terracotta statues - each tells their own piece of history.
6. Stroll Around the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Its Beautiful Surroundings
- Ticket: 25 RMB in busy season (March to October); 20 RMB in off season (November to February)
- Opening hours: 8:00-18:30 in busy season and 8:00-18:00 in off season
- How to get there: get to Dayanta (大雁塔) station by bus or metro line 2.
- Recommended tour: One-Day Xi’an Highlights Tour
Built in 652, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda was constructed to house Sanskrit Buddhist scriptures which Buddhist scholar Xuan Zang brought back from India. The top of the 7-story pagoda provides a good view of the city. Two hours would allow enough time for a good visit.
Behind the pagoda is a large musical fountain. With colorful lights enhancing the display, it is especially spectacular at night and has become one of the top places for locals and travelers to spend a summer evening. The fountain performs at 12:00 and 21:00 on weekdays, and every 2 hours from noon onwards on weekends and public holidays.
7. View the Glorious Bell and Drum Towers
- Ticket: 35 RMB for Bell Tower, 30 RMB for Drum Tower and 50 RMB for both.
- Opening hours: 8:00-22:00 from 1 April to 25 October and 8:00-18:00 for the rest of the year.
- How to get there: get to Bell Tower (钟楼) station by metro line 2 or bus.
- Recommended tour: Contact us to add Bell & Drum Towers to your private Xi’an tour.
The Bell and Drum Towers are two Ming Dynasty buildings (respectively built in 1384 and 1380) in the city center of Xian. A square connects the two towers together. When night falls, the lights of the fountain and Bell & Drum Towers make the place spectacular.
There is a famous and traditional custom here called “Morning Clock and Evening Drum”: The clock in the Bell Tower strikes 24 times at 9:00 am, 12:00 and 15:00, while the Drum Tower has the largest drum in the world, which performs at 18:00 every day.
8. Watch the Tang Dynasty Show
- Ticket: 220 RMB for the show and 550 RMB for the show plus the dinner.
- Show time: 20:30-21:40 (The show time from December to neat year’s March depends on the number of customers.)
- Dinner time: 18:50-20:10
- How to get there: get to Nanshaomen (南稍门) station by metro line 2 and then walk southwards for 500 meters.
- Recommended tour: Imperial Banquet in Xi’an
The Tang Dynasty Show provides a great opportunity for foreign travelers to get to know Xian culture. The show features music and dance of theTang dynasty (618-907) complete with authentic costumes. The show highlights the eight most popular dances depicting life from the period - the imperial palace, folk, spring outing, or battlefield. The cuisines of the dinner are all designed in an ancient Tang style.
9. Try a Side Trip to the Ancient City of Pingyao
- Add: in Pingyao County, Jinzhong City, Shanxi
- Ticket: free to enter, but some sights in the ancient town cost extra.
- Opening hours: 8:00-18:00 from 4 April to 7 October and 8:00-17:30 for the rest of the year.
- How to get there from Xi’an: take high-speed rail from Xi’an North Railway Station to Pingyaogucheng (平遥古城) Railway Station, and then take bus no. 108 and get off at Gucheng Beimen (古城北门) station, walk to the entrance of the town.
- Recommended tour: 2-Day Explore Ancient Pingyao from Xi’an
Three hours away from Xi’an, by high-speed rail, the Ancient City of Pingyao is actually an ancient town originally built during 827-782 BC, but this walled town as it stands today stems from the reconstructions during the Ming and Qing dynasties. As one of the four best-preserved ancient cities in China, it was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
Experience Xi’an Your Way
Once the starting point of the Ancient Silk Road leading to the West, Xi’an is one of the top four ancient capitals in the world (the other three are Cairo, Athens and Rome) and has been globally famous for its long history and rich historic attractions. To help you experience the city deeply and without worry, we’ve worked out several sample tours:
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