The history of Guizhou is closely related to the name "Qian", short call of the region.
Guizhou's history dates back to over 2,000 years ago. During the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC), the ancient Zangke State ruled part of what is now Guizhou. In the Warring States Period (475 BC-221 BC), the middle part of today's Guizhou belonged to the territory of the Chu State.
After the first emperor (221 BC-206 BC), unified China in 221 BC, the territory was divided into several parts, respectively under the jurisdiction of Ba Prefecture, Shu Prefecture, Qianzhong Prefecture, and Xiang Prefecture. This division continued until the Tang dynasty when the whole region was under the jurisdiction of Qianzhou Prefecture.
Guizhou got its name officially in the Song Dynasty (960-1127). In 974, Pugui, the head of autochthons in charge of Juzhou, came over and pledged allegiance to the Song Dynasty. Then the emperor of the Song wrote in his appointment document: "Guizhou is in the remote but important area...", which was the earliest official record of the name "Guizhou".
In 1413 during the reign of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Guizhou was officially established as a province and got its name as "Guizhou Province".
Guizhou is a revolutionary place for the Chinese Communist Party. In 1935 when the Chinese Red Army was fighting on the Guizhou Plateau, the Communist Party held a critical conference in Zunyi City (historically known as "Zunyi Conference"), which established Maozedong's leading position in the army and the party and laid a foundation for the victory of Chinese Revolution.