Xi'an Museum has an overall coverage of 245 hectares, which was officially opened to the public in May 2007. This museum collectively reflects the long history of Xi'an city and consists of three main parts of the small Wild Goose Pagoda, which is the national key protection culture unit, the ancient building groups of Jianfu Temple, and the modern culture relic exhibition hall. It's located on West Youyi Road, outside the south gate in Xi'an city, Shaanxi province.
The harmonious combination of the three parts demonstrates the special features of this garden museum, the strong historic atmosphere in the modernity. It enjoys a wide reputation and popularity both at home and abroad.
The Culture Exhibition Hall
The culture exhibition hall is the main building of Xi'an Museum, which was designed by Mrs. Zhang Jinqiu, the famous designer, academician of the Chinese Academy of Science, designer of Shaanxi History Museum. It was selected as one of the ten symbol architectures of Xi'an in future in an activity advocated by the news media of 2004.
The museum covers a floor space of over 16 000 square meters, with exhibition area of over 5 000 square meters. Out of the 130 000 pieces or sets of collected culture relics, 14 400 pieces or sets are cherished culture relics, exceeding national standard of third class. Almost 2 000 pieces or sets of relics are exhibited to the public for the first time.
The extraordinarily splendid, various culture relics embody the different aspects of ancient Chinese history. The exhibition of Xi'an Museum consists of the basic exhibition, specific-themed exhibition and temporary exhibition.
The basic exhibition is arranged under the theme of "ancient capital Xi'an" which displays its construction history of more than one thousand years as the capital of thirteen dynasties in the past. The culture relics on show present a grand vista of people's daily lives during that period of history.
There are two subbranches under the main theme, namely "the history of Xi'an" and "the grand picture of the imperial city". For the first part, the exhibition concentrates on the development and changes of the size, pattern of the dynasties especially after Tang dynasty. All of these are vividly demonstrated in the form of dedicated city models. For example, the white porcelain plate of the Tang Dynasty, gold mirror, female pottery figures, three-colored riding horses and the silk routes.
For the second part, the historical relics are grouped by different usages to show a grand picture of people's lives and society during different dynasties.
Ancient Calligraphy Artistic Exhibition
Under the theme of "various styles of calligraphy, the great history", there are about 100 pieces of calligraphy works selected from nearly 1000 ones, among which "to visit a friend at the mountain in spring " is the work by Sheng Mao of Yuan Dynasty.
In the Tang Dynasty, Jianfu Temple was a very famous royal temple, but destroyed in the war at the end of the Tang Dynasty. The existed Jianfu Temple was rebuilt in Ming and Qing dynasties. The hall buildings are distributed along the middle axis from the main entrance gate to the small Wild Goose Pagoda, including Bell Drum Tower, Cishi Cabinet, the Grate Hall of the Buddha, and Baiyi Cabinet.
The small Wild Goose Pagoda was originally called "Jianfu Pagoda". The body of the pagoda was an originally squarely shaped brick tower with 15 stories. After some times of earthquakes in the Ming Dynasty, the top and the 14th and 15th stories of the pagoda were destroyed, and the body has experienced cracking and "healing". People called that "the Magical Healing".
The existed small Wild Goose Pagoda has 13 stores with 43.4 meters in height and 11.38 meters in length of the bottom line, still retaining the appearance of that in the Tang Dynasty. In 1961, it was listed as the national emphasis culture protection unit.
The small Wild Goose Pagoda harmoniously co-exists with the ancient architectural complex of Jianfu Temple and the folk relics each other. The art exhibition made it possible for the tourists to enjoy the cultural relics and folk art in an extremely beautiful environment, where there are green trees, fragrant flowers and singing birds. It also provides a stage for people to gain a better knowledge of Chinese traditional culture.