Xinjiang Travel Guide

Written by Ruru Zhou Updated Dec. 28, 2022
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Dear visitors

Xinjiang is reopening to tourists and you can travel without any restrictions and quarantine. You are no longer required to prepare a negative acid test and the certificate of health code and travel code.

Xinjiang is in the northwestern parts of China and in the past was located on the Silk Route that connected the kingdom and its affiliates with Central Asia.

A cauldron of mixed races, large ethnic influences, and one of the most fascinating terrains, makes this very large province of China one of the few places in the world that remains pristine and so very ethereal in its beauty. It has a fascinating cultural fabric, an awe-inspiring geographical expanse, and is a destination like no other in China.


Surrounded by Tibet, India, Pakistan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Russia, and Afghanistan, makes it is perhaps the only province in China that has such a diverse number of neighbors along its international borders. What must always be clear to all travelers coming here is that the place is not just diverse in what it offers but also so that a travel plan with a good number of days is imperative.

There are mountains, deserts, lakes, and ancient villages, ruins, and modern new cities all within this large geographical area that houses some of the most spectacular sights in China.

Any travel plan apart from delineating the number of days one wishes to spend must also consider the budget and the members in the group one is traveling with. Xinjiang despite having held on to the label of ‘remote’ for very long has in fact opened up in a big way to tourism which in turn has made it the mainstay of its economy along with oil and other natural resources.


Connected by flights-one can get connecting flights from Urumqi Diwopu International airport located about 20 km from the capital city of Urumqi, to Beijing and Shanghai. By train, the journey is rather long -43 hours from Beijing and Shanghai which makes the air route far more feasible.

the ruins of the ancient city of jiaohe

Time to Travel

The most avoidable season in winters as it can get truly rough and harsh with sub-zero temperatures. The weather is far better in the summer months though the lowest basin in the world at Turpan can get miserably hot in the daytime. So, summers which is the best time to travel will allow a lot of activity, and being a dry place there is no fear of rainy spells spoiling your plans.

Preferred months for travel are thus considered from April to October. However, for the newly opened ski resorts developed by an American luxury resort consortium, the best time of course would be winters.

Xinjiang Treasures –A must for all travelers

Many who have traveled to this area have suggested a minimum of 7 to 10 days to comfortably travel as seen so as to do justice to this places’ astounding beauty and diversity. The top attractions and the time allocation needed for each have been provided for easy reference.

The places of interest include the famous Xinjiang Museum that not only is home to the finest artifacts from the Silk Route region but also mummies that were discovered in the Tarim Basin. Calligraphy specimens, as well as scrolls and travelogues of ancient travelers, have been well preserved here. It’s a must-see to absorb the historical richness of this place.

Also worth a visit is the Er Dao Qiao-for some authentic local shops and artifacts made by local artisans as well as the most authentic Uyghur food. Do visit the international Bazaar as well. The Uyghurs are the ethnic majority who are of Turkish descent and speak their dialect. One can also visit the Xinjiang Silk Road Museum on Shengli Road.

While this may take you in all a day to explore-do keep one more day spare in case the two museums take up more time or you happen to want to spend more time in the evening bazaars that can be quite captivating with all the tribal fare on display.

Stay the night at Turpan and the next day you could explore Flaming Mountains, Gaochang Ancient City, the Buddhist caves, and Tuyoq valley. This would entail traveling the entire day. Head back to your accommodation and spend the second night here at Turpan that has a number of comfortable hotels and hostels.

Options for Stay

If Urumqui is the base then there are regular stays available-both hotels and hostels and most of the guides speak fairly good English as do the hotel staff. Great food and local fare must be tried for their unique taste which is mostly dairy-based and with loads of dried nuts and fruits. The local fare also consists of fresh vegetables and hand-pulled noodles which is a must-try.

Tip For Travelers

Book your travel in advance and create your itinerary making sure the agency makes all arrangements in advance. Also at all times the local news and advisory must be followed in great detail. It is also advised that one carries travel documents while sightseeing, as well as the names of places where you will be staying in the local language or your destination in the local language just in case you need to ask for directions.

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