The Mid-Autumn Festival is the second most important festival for a family reunion in China after the Spring Festival. Besides China, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also celebrated in many other Asian countries like Vietnam, Singapore, and Japan.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is also called the Moon Festival or Mooncake Festival. It would be celebrated on 21 September 2021. Gathering with families, eating moon cakes, and appreciating the fullest moon with lanterns, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a grand time for family reunions.
Mid-Autumn Festival Fun Facts
1. The Mid-Autumn Festival is not only a Family Reunion Day but also Valentine's Day.
2. The moon cake is a must-eat food at the Mid-Autumn Festival.
3. Chinese people will have a 3-day holiday during the Mooncake Festival.
4. The Moon Festival story is associated with the Chinese Moon Goddess - Chang'e.
Read more on our article Fun Things You Might Not Know about Mid-Autumn Festival.
When Is Mid-Autumn Festival?
The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th month in the Chinese lunar calendar. Mid-Autumn Festival dates change every year on the Gregorian calendar, usually distributes between early September and early October.
In 2021, the Mid-Autumn Festival falls on September 21st (Tuesday). Combined with a weekend, Chinese people will have a 3-day holiday from September 19 to 21.
How to Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival?
Customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival in China focus on thanksgiving, praying, and family reunions. The most common traditions are gathering with family, sharing moon cakes, and appreciating the moon.
With the development of the economy, nowadays Chinese people usually give WeChat red envelopes as gifts and go for a short trip on the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Click the link to watch an interesting video and know more details about the Mid-Autumn Festival traditions in China.
Besides those traditions in China, other Asian countries have their own unique customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival.
For example, the Mid-Autumn Festival is named Tết Trung Thu in Vietnamese. It is also known as a Children Festival. During the festival, parents will accompany their children and give them gifts like masks or lanterns. Most gifts are made by hand rather than buying at shops. Children would light lanterns and join in lion dance at the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Read Mid-Autumn Festival around the World to find more traditions in other countries.
How to Say Happy Mid Autumn Festival in Chinese?
People usually send Mid-Autumn Festival cards or messages to family and friends on this grand occasion. Here are the top 3 popular Mid-Autumn greetings.
Happy Mid-Autumn Festival!
- Chinese: 中秋节快乐！
- Pinyin: zhōng qiū jié kuài lè
Happy Mooncake Festival!
- Chinese: 月饼节快乐！
- Pinyin: yuè bǐng jié kuài lè
Happy Moon Festival!
- Chinese: 月亮节快乐！
- Pinyin: yuè liàng jié kuài lè
Read on Mid-Autumn Festival Greetings to learn more sayings for “Happy Mid-Autumn Festival”.
What to Eat During the Mid Autumn Festival?
Moon cakes are the must-eat food during the Mid-Autumn Festival. Shaped like the full moon, the moon cake is round, it symbolizes family reunion and happiness.
The moon cake typically has pastry skin and rich fillings like bean pastes, yolks, nuts, and roast pork. It tastes savory, sweet, and salty.
Besides moon cakes, people also eat duck, pumpkins, pomelos, and crabs during the Mid-Autumn Festival. Some of them bring good luck and some are seasonal food in autumn.
There is a total of 12 dishes most Chinese people would eat during the Moon Festival, read Mid-Autumn Festival Food and you will know the reasons.
Mid-Autumn Festival Story
There are quite a few stories associated with the Mid-Autumn Festival, the most popular are the legend of the Chang'e, Jade Rabbit, and Wu Gang. Some of them are tragic but romantic, some of them are interesting and instructive.
- Lady on the Moon - Chang'e
- Rabbit on the Moon - Jade Rabbit
- A Kind of Sisyphean Task - Wu Gang Chops the Tree
Read these 3 popular stories of the Chinese Moon Festival.
Mid-Autumn Festival History
The Mid-autumn Festival boasts a history of over 3,000 years. The festival was first celebrated to give thanks for the bountiful harvests in autumn.
In ancient times, Chinese emperors used to worship and offer sacrifices to the full moon for the harvests. Afterward, noblemen and poets would admire the moon at the Mid-Autumn Festival, expressing their thoughts and feelings. Ordinary people would gather with family and enjoy food and the harvest season.
Read more about the Mid-Autumn Festival Origin and History.
Top China Cities to Visit during the Mid-Autumn Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival usually falls in September or October, which is the best time to visit China. The weather is ideal to spend time out of doors and enjoy the sight of the golden autumn.
The customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival vary across China, there are different ways to celebrate it. Why not start your tour in China by exploring the mystery of the Mid-Autumn Festival?
We've listed the top 8 places for you to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in China.
Travel Tips for the Mid-Autumn Festival Holiday
1. Book transportation and accommodation in advance. Many Chinese people will travel during this public holiday, tickets and hotels are in high demand.
2. Buy some authentic festival gifts. The mooncakes and Chinese lanterns are good choices.
3. Experience some festival activities like eating moon cakes, admiring the moon, making colorful lanterns, and watching dragon dances.